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November 2013

The NELA Bulletin is published on the first Thursday of each month. Contributions are welcome and should be emailed to the editor by 5pm AEDST on the preceding Friday.

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This Month

NELA news and events
01. NELA Annual General Meeting 2013
02. NELA 2013 Environmental Law Essay Competition closes tomorrow!
03. NELA submission on repeal of Clean Energy Act 2011 (Cth)
04. 2013 NELA WA Annual State Conference presentations

Law and policy developments
05. In the courts
06. In the legislature
07. Policy developments

News and events from NELA’s partners
08. (NSW) Seminar: Developments in Global Oceans Governance and Conservation

Other events
09. (Aus) 3rd Future of Environmental Law Symposium
10. (Aus – various locations) Legalwise Seminars
11. (UK) Gartner Lecture 2013
12. (Fiji) 9th Pacific Islands Conference on Nature Conservation and Protected Areas
13. (NSW) University of Sydney Distinguished Scholar Address
14. (Qld) Australian Earth Laws Alliance (AELA) – upcoming events
15. (Ecuador) Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature Conference

16. Opportunities for comment
17. Roles
18. Other

19. (Qld) Queensland Globe opens window to CSG industry data
20. (Australia) Australian Committee for the International Union of Conservation (ACIUCN) publications
(International) Global Methane Budget

NELA news and events

NELA Annual General Meeting 2013

NELA held its 2013 Annual General Meeting on Thursday, 3 October 2013 and is pleased to announce the following members of the executive for 2013/14:

  • Amanda Cornwall (Vic), President

  • Danyelle Kelson (Qld), Vice President

  • Ellen Geraghty (NSW), Secretary

  • *Nick Wimbush (Vic), Treasurer

  • Annaleen Harris (WA)

  • Brendan Grigg (SA)

  • *Fiona Collin (WA)

  • Hanna Jaireth (ACT)

  • *Jan McDonald (Tas)

  • Jessica Feehely (Tas)

  • *Kathryn Walker (SA)

  • Sarah Waddell (NSW)

We welcome the new members of the executive (indicated by an asterisk) and continue to value the hard work and dedication of those who have been re-elected. We also thank Lindsey Pheloung-Beck (WA) and Barnaby McIlwraith (Vic), who retired from the executive at the AGM, for their contributions to NELA.

The 2012/13 executive, led by Amanda Cornwall as President, has seen the Association through major change, during which partnerships have been established with Australian universities, climate change groups and most recently with Sustainable Business Australia.

NELA has also collaborated with the American Bar Association, Canadian Bar Association and the UK Environmental Law Association on a new joint international newsletter.
We look forward to many more positive developments through the efforts of the 2013/14 executive over the next 12 months.


NELA 2013 Environmental Law Essay Competition closes tomorrow!

This year's theme is "If it's worth protecting then it's worth protecting well".

Win $1000 in cash, a 12 month NELA membership, and publication of your paper in the National Environmental Law Review.

Entry is open to any undergraduate or postgraduate student enrolled at an Australian tertiary institution. Deadline for entries is 5pm, 8 November 2013.

Please spread word. A flyer is available in PDF here.

The competition guidelines are available here.


NELA submission on repeal of Clean Energy Act 2011 (Cth)

NELA member Dr Damien Lockie prepared a submission on behalf of NELA on the draft Bills for the repeal of the Clean Energy Act 2011 (Cth) and associated legislation.

The submission raises three areas of concern:

  1. The uncertainty occasioned by the process for legislating the repeal and consequential amendments, especially if the process extends beyond 1 July 2014 and the repeal is retrospective.

  2. Due to the inter-relationship of the Clean Energy Act 2011 (Cth) and the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (Cth), repealing the Clean Energy Act 2011 (Cth) and associated legislation may unintentionally increase the scope of greenhouse gases subject to the operation of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Act 2007 (Cth).

  3. The rendering of the intersection between Commonwealth and State laws (exemplified by the decision of Justice Pain of the NSW Land and Environment Court in Hunter Environment Lobby Inc v Minister for Planning (No 2) [2012] NSWLEC 40 that a liability under the Clean Energy Act 2011 (Cth) was a sufficient answer to a requirement imposed on a project proponent under State planning laws to offset scope 1 greenhouse gas emissions) otiose by repeal of the Clean Energy Act 2011 (Cth).

The submission is available here.


2013 NELA WA Annual State Conference presentations

This conference, themed Water in Practice: Laws for a limited resource, considered the adequacy of the existing regulatory framework and explored practical issues for managing impacts on water resources.

Presentations from the conference are now available to NELA members here.


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Law and policy developments

In the courts


Venture Minerals mine approved in Tarkine

On 24 September 2013, the Resource Management Planning and Appeal Tribunal dismissed an appeal by the Tarkine National Coalition and confirmed approval for Venture Minerals’ proposed hematite mine in the Tarkine.  Significantly, the Tribunal held that the EPA was neither required nor able to consider cumulative impacts as part of its assessment.  Subject to additional conditions restricting vehicle movements to daylight hours and more detailed sediment and erosion control measures, the Tribunal was satisfied that the impacts of the proposed mine, including on threatened Tasmanian devil populations, could be appropriately managed. 

The Tarkine National Coalition has not appealed against the decision, but has commenced review proceedings in the Federal Court regarding the Federal Minister’s approval of the mine under the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

A copy of the decision is available here. A more detailed overview of the case will be published in the next edition of the National Environmental Law Review.



McDonald v Hepburn Shire Council (Red dot) [2013] VCAT 1538

This decision is the latest in a line of decisions where the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal was asked to assess a proposed dwelling/wastewater treatment facility in a water catchment area.

As a threshold issue, the Tribunal found that the Guidelines for Permit Applications in open potable water supply catchments 2012 (2012 Guidelines) applied, notwithstanding that the relevant permit trigger only arose under a secondary rather than a primary zoning control of the Hepburn Shire Council’s Planning Scheme.  It was common ground that the local conditions were such that the proposal would exceed the preferred dwelling density under the 2012 Guidelines of ‘1 dwelling per 40 hectares’. 

In refusing the proposal, the Tribunal re-affirmed the precautionary principle. It also emphasized the need for full compliance with all conditions of the 2012 Guidelines where a Council or water corporation is assessing a proposal that would exceed the preferred 1:40 density.


In the legislature

New South Wales

Planning Bill 2013 and Planning Administration Bill 2013 introduced into NSW Parliament

The NSW Government has introduced the Planning Bill 2013 and its cognate, the Planning Administration Bill 2013, into Parliament. This follows the Government’s Green Paper and White Paper on a New Planning System for NSW, which were open for public comment in 2012 and 2013.

The Bills have been passed by the Legislative Assembly and are expected to be debated in the Legislative Council in the second week of November.

Copies of the Bills, and details of the passage of the Bills through Parliament, are available here.


Coal Seam Gas Prohibition (Sydney Water Catchment Special Areas) Bill 2013

This Bill has been introduced to the Legislative Assembly by the NSW Opposition and, if passed, will prohibit coal seam gas exploration or mining in the Sydney Catchment Authority’s special areas.

For a copy of the Bill, and to follow the progress of the Bill through Parliament, click here.


Game and Feral Animal Control Amendment Act 2013

This Act, which amends the Game and Feral Animal Control Act 2002 to abolish the Game Council, recently received assent and is awaiting commencement on a day or days to be appointed by proclamation.

The Act is available here.


Northern Territory

Pastoral Land Amendment Bill 2013

This Bill passed the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly on 17 October 2013.
The purpose of the Bill is to provide the Pastoral Land Board (the Board) the necessary powers to issue a non-pastoral use permit for a period of up to 30 years or in the case of a Term Pastoral Lease until the expiry date of the lease.

The Bill provides for non-pastoral use permits to be registered against the pastoral lease title as an instrument transferable with the lease. The permit provides for “non-pastoral purposes” or activities to be carried out on the lease area. There is no definition of non-pastoral purposes, however it is anticipated such purposes will include a range of primary production activities including agriculture, cropping, forestry, horticulture and potentially aquaculture.

The Bill gives the Board the necessary legislative powers to administer the provisions. The Board is required to take into account government policy, the potential impact on the environment and comply with the future act provisions of the Native Title Act 1993 when making a decision concerning the grant of a permit.

Environment is not defined although the Board is required to act consistently with and in furtherance of the objects of the Act, which include the “sustainable use” of the lease area.


Northern Territory Environment Protection Authority Act 2012

This Act commenced on 1 January 2013. It established a new, independent Northern Territory Environmental Protection Authority (the NT EPA) with responsibility for the environmental impact assessment process in the Territory.

The Act incorporates the principles of ecologically sustainable development (ESD) in the environmental impact assessment process for the first time in the Northern Territory although to a limited extent. Under the Act, the NT EPA can make decisions as to whether an action has a significant impact on the environment, the type of environmental impact assessment to be undertaken, and provide an assessment report to the action Minister concerning the environmental impact of the proposed development. These functions are to be carried out in accordance with ESD principles. The action Minister has no explicit requirement to apply ESD principles when making an approvals decision.


South Australia

Port Pirie Smelting Facility (Lead-In-Air Concentrations) Act 2013

This Act will provide regulatory certainty for a proposed $350 million transformation of the Port Pirie smelter to a cleaner, state-of-the-art poly-metallic processing and recovery facility by its owner, Nyrstar, by setting the maximum lead-in-air conditions under the Environmental Protection Agency operating licence after completion of the project.

This regulatory certainty will enable Nyrstar to obtain the investment it needs to carry out the project and also ensures a healthy environment for the people of Port Pirie, as well as the economic benefits that the upgraded smelter will provide.

A copy of the Act is available here.



Forest Management Act 2013

This Act was passed by the Upper House on 17 October 2013.  The Act will repeal and replace the Forestry Act 1920, and be more consistent with the management arrangements outlined in the Tasmanian Forests Agreement Act 2013.

Forestry Tasmania will retain all its current responsibilities for “permanent timber production zone” land (formerly State forest).  In particular, Forestry Tasmania retains powers in relation to:

The Forest Management Act 2013 also provides for specified forest reserves to be revoked and declared as regional reserves or conservation areas under the Nature Conservation Act 2002.  Parks and Wildlife will be responsible for ongoing management of the former forest reserves.


Land Use Planning and Approvals (Developments on Mount Wellington) Amendment Bill 2012

Currently, an application for development on Hobart’s iconic Mount Wellington cannot proceed without the approval of the Wellington Park Management Trust, a statutory authority comprising representatives of National Parks and Wildlife, local councils, the water authority and Tourism Tasmania. 

Citing difficulties in progressing tourist developments on Mount Wellington, Tasmania’s shadow Planning Minister introduced the Land Use Planning and Approvals (Developments on Mount Wellington) Amendment Bill 2012, seeking to remove the requirement for the Trust’s approval.  The Bill would require a planning authority considering an application for a development within Wellington Park to “take into account the standards, values and conditions set out in the Wellington Park Management Plan.”

The Bill was passed by the Lower House on 17 October 2013, a result welcomed by advocates of a proposed cable car development on Mount Wellington.  The Bill will now be debated in the Upper House. Progress of the Bill can be followed here.


Policy developments

New South Whales

Initiatives to deliver on Strategic Regional Land Use policy

The Government recently announced changes which deliver key elements of its Strategic Regional Land Use Policy while ensuring a strong resources industry.

The initiatives include Statewide mapping of the most valuable farmland in NSW; establishment of an independent Gateway Panel to scientifically analyse mining and CSG proposals on this land; the establishment of current and proposed CSG exclusion zones; and revised mapping of key horse breeding and wine making land in the Upper Hunter.

A number of these initiatives are being exhibited for public comment and the Government encourages community feedback.

Further information is available here.



Strategy to improve Victoria’s river health

A new eight-year strategy designed to improve the health of Victoria’s rivers, estuaries and wetlands has been launched by the State government.

The Victorian Waterway Management Strategy aims to improve the health of the waterways so they can continue to provide the environmental, social, cultural and economic values that are important to everyone. It provides direction for regional decision-making, investment and management issues for waterways, as well as the roles and responsibilities of management agencies.

The strategy is available here.

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News and events from NELA’s partners

Events offered by NELA’s partners often provide substantial savings for NELA members - so check them out and make the most of your NELA membership!

(NSW) Seminar: Developments in Global Oceans Governance and Conservation

Jointly hosted by the Australian Committee of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (ACIUCN), the University of Sydney’s United States Study Centre and Humane Society International, the seminar is designed to brief interested parties, and further engage all stakeholders about the best options to progress a new high seas conservation agreement.

Speakers will include Robert Hill, ex-Canadian Prime Minister and GOC Commissioner Paul Martin. Alistair Graham (HS) will also report on the outcome of the recent UN Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction in New York.

When: 10 am – 4 pm, Thursday, 7 November 2013
Where: Darlington Centre Conference, University of Sydney

For further information, click here.

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Other events

(Aus) 3rd Future of Environmental Law Symposium

Wild rivers to aquifers to oceans

This Symposium, hosted by the Law Council of Australia’s Legal Practice Section Australian Environment and Planning Law Group, will honour the contribution of Professor Simon Molesworth AO QC to the field of environmental and planning law. 

When: 8 November 2013 
Where: The Langham, 89–113 Kent Street, Sydney 

To register for this event, please click here.


(Aus – various locations) Legalwise Seminars

Legalwise Seminars runs over 400 legal seminars per year with the most up-to-date content, expert speakers and interactive opportunities to learn. All seminars are CPD accredited and NELA members receive a 10% discount.

Check out their website for their regularly updated program, or click on any of the below upcoming offerings for more information.


(UK) Garner Lecture 2013

The Common Laws of the Environment: At home and Abroad

Lord Carnwath JSC, who is the President of UKELA and the Planning and Environment Bar Association, is giving this year’s Garner lecture.

When: 6pm, 19 November 2013
Where: To be confirmed

The lecture is being held as a partnership with the Journal of Environmental Law and videolinks will be available. Please note the date in your diary. Bookings will open in September.


(Fiji) 9th Pacific Islands Conference on Nature Conservation and Protected Areas

Natural Solutions: Building Resilience for a Changing Pacific

This conference is open to all and is attended by government representatives, NGOs, development partners, international organizations and Pacific Island communities. It provides a platform for all interested stakeholders to come together to assess, review, develop and agree on priorities and actions to improve the overall status of conservation efforts in the Pacific over the next five years, and beyond. Each Conference has generated an Action Strategy for Nature Conservation as a guiding framework for conservation work in the Pacific for the ensuing five year period, and will be one of the key outputs of this 9th conference.

When: 2 – 6 December 2013
Where: University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji

For more information, please click here.

(NSW) University of Sydney Distinguished Scholar Address

Climate Change: Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters

Professor Chris Field of Stanford University will be delivering this address. Professor Field is the Co-Chair of the IPCC’s Working Group II on Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability and will also be discussing the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report.

When: 6 – 7 pm, Thursday 5 December 2013,followed by a cocktail reception
Where: New Law School Building (F10), Eastern Ave University of Sydney
Cost: Full fee $15; students/alumni/NGO $10

Click here to register or for more information contact 02 9351 0323 or email law.events@sydney.edu.au.


(Qld) Australian Earth Laws Alliance (AELA) – upcoming events

AELA’s mission is to promote the understanding and practical implementation of earth jurisprudence and ‘wild law’ in Australia.  Earth jurisprudence is a new legal theory and growing social movement.  It proposes that we rethink our legal, political, economic and governance systems so that they support, rather than undermine, the integrity and health of the Earth. To learn more, join us at one of our upcoming events:

  • (Qld) – Environmental Justice Symposium – 12 and 13 December 2013.

For more information about each event, or to RSVP, please click here


(Ecuador) Global Alliance for the Rights of Nature Conference

This conference will enable participants to collectively examine the lessons learned from the expanding implementations of rights of nature around the world and to broaden our framework of action to further galvanize the global earth rights movement.

When: 13 – 17 January 2014
Where: Ecuador

Further details will be posted here as they become available.

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Opportunities for comment



Public comment sought on Australian Standard for chain of custody for forest products

The Australian Standard that sets the requirements for the traceability of wood products from sustainably managed forests, recycled material and controlled sources into wood and paper products is currently being reviewed.

Submissions are invited until 8 November 2013

For more information about the review process, including a copy of the draft Standard, and to make a submission, click here.


Environmental risk disclosure obligations proposed in ASX corporate governance principles

The Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) is currently seeking comment on a proposed third edition of its Corporate Governance Principles and Recommendations. Of particular interest is recommendation 7.4 which recommends that entities listed on the ASX should disclose whether, and if so how, the entities have regard to environmental and social sustainability risks (as well as economic risks), to investors.

Submissions are invited until 15 November 2013.

For more information about the draft Principles and Recommendations, and to make a submission, click here.


Implementing the National Water Initiative: 2014 Triennial Assessment of water reform progress in Australia

As part of its responsibility to provide independent assurance of governments’ progress on reform under the National Water Initiative, the National Water Commission is inviting public submissions to this assessment.

Submissions are invited until 15 November 2013.

An issues paper providing background and areas for comment is available here and once the assessment is complete in 2014, the Commission will make recommendations to the Council of Australian Governments on actions to further progress reform objectives and outcomes.


Emissions Reduction Fund 

The Emissions Reduction Fund is a central part of the Australian Government’s Direct Action Plan to provide incentives for emissions reduction activities across the Australian economy. It aims to help meet Australia’s target of reducing emissions by 5% below 2000 levels by 2020. Through the fund, the Government will purchase low-cost abatement through reverse auctions; an ‘abatement buy-back’.
The Terms of Reference for the design of the Fund have been released and public comment is invited until Monday 18 November 2013

For more information and to make a submission, click here.


New South Wales

Coal seam gas exclusion zones

CSG exclusion zones prohibiting new coal seam gas exploration and development within a 2 kilometre buffer around existing residential and village areas in all 152 councils across the state, and the North West and South West Growth Centres of Sydney, came into force on 4 October 2013

The NSW Government seeks feedback on proposals to apply CSG exclusion zones to mapped future residential growth areas across the state and seven villages (stage-two CSG exclusion zones). The CSG exclusion zones will prohibit coal seam gas exploration and development within 2 kilometres of these areas.

The proposed changes are on public exhibition until Friday 8 November 2013

For more information or to make a submission, click here.


Weed management review 

The Minister for Primary Industries has asked the Natural Resources Commission to undertake an independent evaluation of the effectiveness and efficiency of weed management arrangements in NSW, with the view of informing the further development of the proposed Biosecurity Act (NSW), and other relevant strategies under the NSW Biosecurity Strategy.

The Natural Resources Commission invites community and stakeholder submissions on the Issues Paper which it has drawn up. 

Submissions in relation to that Issues Paper are invited until Friday 6 December 2013.

For more information and to make a submission, click here.



Examination of the Protection of Prime Agricultural Land and Other Land from Coal Seam Gas Mining Bill 2013

The Agriculture, Resources and Environment Committee is currently undertaking an examination of this Bill.

The objective of this Bill is to protect prime agricultural land from coal seam gas (CSG) and mining activities to ensure the sustainability of the agricultural industry and food security in Queensland.
The Bill seeks to specifically exclude CSG and mining activities from designated areas which have been identified as prime agricultural land, including by:

  • prohibiting all CSG and exploration mining activities on land east of the Condamine River from Chinchilla to the New South Wales Border and from the Longitudinal line running directly through the Chinchilla Post Office east to the coast; and

  • protecting areas of identified prime agricultural land as “potential strategic cropping land”  under the Strategic Cropping Land Act 2011

Written submissions are being accepted until 18 October 2013. For more information or to make a submission, click here.


Great Barrier Reef Strategic Assessment consultation

The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority and Queensland Government are undertaking a comprehensive strategic assessment of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and adjacent coastal zone.

The draft strategic assessment and program reports look at the Reef’s values and how these values are being protected now and into the future, while enabling the sustainable development of the coastal zone. The comprehensive strategic assessment has been developed in accordance with the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

These documents are currently available for public comment and submissions are invited until 31 January 2013.

For more information and to make a submission, click here.



Draft Coastal Strategy 2013

The  Victorian Coastal Council has released the Draft Coastal Strategy 2013 for public comment.  The draft Strategy outlines the proposed approach for planning and managing the coast across the state. The Draft Strategy centres around a vision for “a healthy coast enjoyed by all, now and in the future" and sets out key issues, principles, policies and actions to guide decision-making about Victoria’s coastal and marine environments.

Council welcomes feedback on the draft Strategy, which will help shape the version to be presented to the Minister for Environment and Climate Change in 2014.  Information sessions for coastal professionals and communities will be held in various locations in October.

Submissions are invited until 4 December 2013.

For more information, click here.  



(ACT) Policy and Communications Director

EDO ACT is seeking a Policy and Communications Director to lead the organisation’s law and policy reform agenda, fundraising, community education, participation and communication activities. The position is full time and offered as a 2 year fixed term appointment but may be extended with funding.

For more information, click here or contact Camilla Taylor on (02) 6243 3460 or by email.

Applications close on 22 November 2013.


(SA) Environmental lawyers wanted 

EDO SA seeks lawyers to help with their free advisory service. If you have environmental law experience, and are free on Thursday nights, please contact EDO SA.


Volunteer contributors—NELA Bulletin 

NELA seeks volunteers to contribute to the law and policy developments section of the NELA Bulletin for all States and Territories except NSW, and for the Commonwealth.

Estimated time commitment is around 1–2 hours a month and volunteers are named in the “Thanks to this month’s contributors” section of the Bulletin; we can also include the name of your organization and a hyperlink to your organisation’s website.

Please contact Ellen Geraghty by email or mobile 0407 459 490 for more information.


(USA/International) International staff attorney

Earthjustice is seeking a lawyer with at least 10-15 years experience to work on international environmental issues. The attorney will be based in the Earthjustice office in San Francisco or Washington, DC.

The attorney will develop and implement cases and/or legal advocacy campaigns in domestic and international fora to protect the environment worldwide. The attorney must be able to exercise significant program initiative and responsibility as a member of a multi-faceted advocacy team.

Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis, and the position is open immediately.
To apply, email us a cover letter, resume, a legal writing sample that has not been edited by another person, and names and contact information of three references. Subject line should read: International Program Attorney Application.



Call for nominations: Mahla Pearlman AO Award for Australian Young Environmental Lawyer of the Year

Nominations are now open for the Mahla Pearlman Award for the Australian Young Environmental Lawyer of the Year.

The Award is named in recognition of the former Chief Judge of the Land and Environment Court of NSW, and former President of the Law Council of Australia, the late Mahla Pearlman AO.

Nominations must be received by the close of business AEDT on 13 December 2013 by email to lps@lawcouncil.asn.au or by post to GPO Box 1989 Canberra.

For more information about the award, including eligibility criteria, click here.

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(Qld) Queensland Globe opens window to CSG industry data

The Newman Government, in conjunction with the GasFields Commission, recently released a free online tool using Queensland Globe technology to give the community access to the most comprehensive and accurate water data ever made available by the coal seam gas (CSG) industry.

CSG Globe, as it is called, is an easy to use Google Earth application which will allow access to information about wells and water bores right down to the individual property level.

CSG Globe is available here and feedback can be provided through the Lands Queensland Facebook page here.


(Aus) Australian Committee for the International Union of Conservation (ACIUCN) publications 

The ACIUCN has recently published two books and several summaries of meetings relating to environmental policy which are now available to download for free. The books are titled Innovation for 21st Century Conservation and Keeping the Outstanding Exceptional – the Future of World Heritage in Australia. 

ACIUCN has also recently published its Conserving Australia’s Marine Environment: Key Directions Statement, whichprovides a succinct overview of the key steps required to address current and emerging challenges facing the conservation and sustainable use of Australia’s marine environment. The Statement was developed in consultation with 100 multi-disciplinary marine experts from universities, research institutions, government agencies and non-government organisations. It is driven by the consensus hat scientific findings across the world’s oceans signal serious environmental problems, creating the imperative for all marine nations to act on safeguarding the productivity and health of marine ecosystems. For a copy of the statement, click here.

Hard copies may be available – for more information, contact Penny Figgis by email or telephone 0416 364 722.


(International) Global Methane Budget

A new consortium of scientists and institutions under the umbrella of the Global Carbon Project has recently released a new synthesis of the global methane budget and trends of natural and anthropogenic sources and sinks over the past three decades.

A summary of highlights and an extended Powerpoint file are available for download here.

The Global Methane Budget is a companion activity of the global carbon budget. The 2013 Global Methane Budget will be released on 18 November 2013 here.

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Thanks to this month's contributors

EDO NSW (NSW and other); Jessica Feehely, EDO Tasmania (Tasmania); Michael O’Donnell (Northern Territory); Philip Martin (Victoria)

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